it is the tektin that connects them one by one. the 9x3 basal body and the structure that holds the centrioles together is called nexin.
they can form and separate continuously inside the cell like microfilaments. their structure is rigid and in the form of hollow rods. they are made up of tubulin proteins. microtubules play a role in determining cell shape, relocating the cell and intracellular organelles, and separating chromosomes during mitosis. it also helps to regulate the cell wall in plant cells.
they form cilia, flagella, and centrioles in the cell. they are composed of alpha and beta tubulins.
alpha tubulins are (-) charged, beta tubulins (+) charged, and they keep microtubules polarized. this is very important in terms of showing the functions of motor proteins (particularly involved in the displacement of various organelles or macromolecules in the cell).
(see: quantum metaphysics)
diseases with microtubule disorders: 1- charcot marie tooth disease 2- chediak higashi syndrome 3- immotile cilia syndrome.