gamete

gamete

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1

when the origin of this word, which entered the literature with gregor mendel in 1886, is descended, the verb "gamein" meaning "to marry" in ancient greek and the words "gamete" and "gametes" meaning husband and wife, respectively. as a matter of fact, the suffix of words such as polygamy and monogamy comes from here. also, the seventh month in the ancient athenian calendar (which covers the end of january and the beginning of february) is gamelion, meaning "month of marriage".

2

or male and female reproductive cell.

3

the name given to a sex or reproductive cell containing a single set of chromosomes. contains half of the genetic information. during reproduction, the male and female gametes fuse, so that half of the genetic information from both forms a complete dna, resulting in a zygote. reproduction in all animals and superior plants occurs as a result of the union of a small and mobile gamete (sperm) called ogami and a large and immobile gamete (egg).

4

(see: gamos) (see: gamoto)

5

(see: gametogenesis)

6

are haploid germ cells. these are the cells that will fuse with the gamete of the opposite sex and form a new individual at the fertilization stage. as an example: (see: spermatozoon) (see: ovum) can be given.

7

the name given to each of the reproductive cells that form the zygote as a result of fertilization (see: fertilization) by combining with another cell such as sperm or egg

8

sexual cell

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